Saturday, March 04, 2006

The Effect of Smallpox on the Destiny of the Amerindian

UPDATE:
Professor Thomas Brown of Lamar University has published a terrific analysis of Ward Churchill's many deliberate lies about the "genocide" of the Mandan in a scholary publication called "Plagiary."
http://www.plagiary.org/smallpox-blankets.pdf
[if not available see Plagiary HTML]

In 1945, E. Wagner Stearn, Ph.D. and Allen E. Stearn, Ph.D. wrote what is still the definitive work on the history of the effects of smallpox on the American Indians.

The Effect of Smallpox on the Destiny of the Amerindian can be purchased from AstroLogos Books www.AstroLogos.org The book costs about 60 dollars and is made after you order it, so it takes about six weeks to arrive.

The book was originally published in Boston by Bruce Humphries, Inc.

This is an excellent book that documents a few possible cases of deliberate infecton of Indians as well as many attempts to protect them from this terrible disease. The book's final paragraph states:

If, in the foregoing pages, some facts have been stated which incriminated the white conquerers and settlers, the history is replete with instances of great heroism and devotion of large numbers of white men throughout the centuries, who labored to alleviate the sufferings of, and finally brought the protection to, the conquered people through vaccination at their own trouble and expense (139).

Ward Churchill claimed that Indians were deliberately infected with smallpox at Fort Clark, but when the Rocky Mountain News looked up Churchill's own footnotes, he had misrepresented what his sources said.

Here is what Ward Churchill claimed his "sources" Stearn and Stearn wrote about the epidemic compared with what they really wrote: http://denver.rockymountainnews.com/pdf/WC4Blanketb.pdf

Instead of being embarrassed, Churchill responded to his exposure by claiming that he had found even more evidence to support his thesis:

"What happened at Fort Clark was far worse than I indicated. Far worse....And now I've got the documentation, the paper, to prove it. So next time I iterate it, it's going to be a much sharper finding on genocidal intent with Fort Clark."
http://www.rockymountainnews.com/drmn/local/article/0,1299,DRMN_15_3833539,00.html

So far, Churchill has not shown anyone this new documentation.

Here is an index to the Churchill Files of the Rocky Mountain News:
http://denver.rockymountainnews.com/news/churchill/index.shtml
Here is an article by Professor Thomas Brown of Lamar University in Beaumont, Texas. http://hal.lamar.edu/~browntf/Churchill1.htm

Professor Brown writes:

"one must reluctantly conclude that Churchill fabricated the most crucial details of his genocide story. Churchill radically misrepresented the sources he cites in support of his genocide charges, sources which say essentially the opposite of what Churchill attributes to them."

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